Q4. Write a comprehensive note (250-300 words) on any ONE of the following: (20)

  1. Revolution versus Evolution
  2. Let us agree to disagree in an agree-able way.
  3. Say not, struggle not availth.
  4. Beneath every cloud there is always a silver thing.
  5. Is democracy an ideal form of government?

Solved: (5) Is Democracy an ideal form of Government
Democracy is form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decision that effects their lives. Democracy allows citizens to participate equally- either directly or through elected representatives- in the proposal, development, and creation of laws. It encompass social, economic and cultural conditions that enable the free and equal practice of political self-determination.
In virtually all democratic governments throughout ancient and modern history, democratic citizenship consisted of an elite class until full enfranchisement was won for the all adult citizens in most modern democracies through the suffrage movements of the 19th and 20th centuries.
A democratic government contrasts to forms of government where power is either held by one, as in monarchy, or where power is held by a small number of individuals, as in an oligarchy. nevertheless, these oppositions, inherited from Greek philosophy, are now ambiguous because contemporary governments have mixed democratic, oligarchic, and monarchic elements. Karl popper defined democracy in contrast to dictatorship or tyranny, thus focusing on opportunities for the people to control their leaders and to oust them without the need for a revolution.
Several variants of democracy exist, but there are two basic forms, both of which concern how the whole body of all eligible citizens executes its will. One form of democracy, in which all eligible citizens have direct and active participation in the decision making of the government. In most modern democracies, the whole body of all eligible citizens remains the sovereign power but political power is exercised indirectly through elected leaders; this is called representative democracy. The concept of representative democracy arose largely from ideas and institutions that developed during th European Middle Ages, the Age of Enlightenment, and the American and french revolution.