PDA

View Full Version : Psychology Papers - CSS 2013



Dr.Junaid
05-04-2014, 06:36 PM
Psychology Papers - CSS 2013

PAPER I OBJECTIVES.


1: In which way behaviour is different from mental processes?
a)Introspection
b)Observation
c)Research
d)Psychoanalysis

2: Who is particularly intersted in studying patterns of behaviour, beliefs and values which are shared by people?
a)Social Psychologist
b)Experimental Psychologist
c)Clinical Psychologist
d)PsychoAnalyst

3: Who believed that mind is composed of senses, ideas, images and feelings?
a)William James
b)Titcher
c)Carl Rogers
d)Wundt

4: Which area of hypothalamus is responsible for satiety behaviour?
a)Lateral hypothalamus
b)Ventromedial hypothalamus
c)HyperPhagia
d)Antidiuretic hormone

5: WHich perspectives of psychology focusses on determining the extent to which psychological characteristics such as memory, intelligence are influenced by heredity?
a)Neuroscience
b)Biogenic
c)cognitive
d)socio-cultural

6: Which of the following relates to disorders in comprehension or production of speech?
a)Dysphasia
b)Aphasia
c)Broca's area
d)All of these

7: Which lobe of the brain is involved in planning, decision-making and some aspects of language?
a)Frontal
b)Parietal
c)Temporal
d)Occipital

8: Which neurotransmitter plays an important role in the experience of pleasure?
a)Serotonin
b)Dopamine
c)Nor-epinephrine
d)Acetylcholine

9: The hormone cortisol produced by adrenal gland is responsible for :
a)Reducing the body activity to take rest
b)Activating the body to prepare for stressful situation
c)Balancing the homeostasis
d)Planning and decision-making

10: The process through which a leaned response stops occuring due to the non-availability of reinforcement is called:
a)Generalization
b)Punishment
c)spontaneous Recovery
d)Extinction

11: When a teacher appreciates his students every time they ask questions with the hope that this will enable them to handle more technical questions in future , he is using conditioning?
a)Classical conditioning
b)Shaping
c)Modeling
d)Reinforcing

12: IN classical conditioning, the organism creates an association between:
a)Two Situations
b)Two Consequences
c)Two Stimuli
d)Two Responses

13: Which of the following is not a characteristic of self-actualised people according to Maslow?
a) They live creatively and fully using their potentials
b) They have efficient perceptions of reality, self and others
c) They are sensitive to fake and dishonest
d) They feel ashamed of their negative emotions

14: According to Freud, the process through which individuals release their excessive aggressive energy is called:
a) Dream Work
b) PsychoAnalysis
c) Catharsis
d) Slips of toungue

15: A layer of nerve cells at the back of eye which converts light waves into electrical impulses is :
a) Fovea
b) Retina
c) Cornea
d) Iris

16: The process through which brain uses the two retinal images into one dimensional perception is called:
a) Depth perception
b) Stereopsis
c) Binocular cues
d) Retinal Disparity

17: Which of the following is not an attribute of extroversion in the BIG FIVE FACTORS theory of personality?
a) Sociable
b) Talkative
c) Self-conscious
d) Affectionate

18: Which part of personality opposes the irrational desires of id according to Freud's Psychoanalytic THeory of Personality?
a) Ego
b) Psychic energy
c) Super Ego
d) LIbido

19: A psychological test is good only when it meaures what it is supposed to measure. This statement refers to which of the following?
a) Degree to which it is objective, precise and short
b) Degree to which it is consistent across several administrations
c) Degree to which it is norm based
d) Degree to which it is psychometrically sound

20: Which aspect of social interactions is measured by the theory of planned behaviour?
a) Attachment
b) Socialization
c) Group formation
d) Attitudes


PART-II

Q: 2 How did theorists belonging to functionalism define psychology? How did functionalism influence psychology as the science of behavioral and mental processes?

Q:3 Discuss role of brain in the experience of emotions.

Q: 4 How do individual and cultural factors influence our perception? Discuss with examples.

Q: 5 Define operant conditioning. How the processes involved in operant conditioning influence our everyday learning experiences? Justify your argument with examples.

Q: 6 Compare and contrast any two theories of attitude formation. Highlight their drawbacks as well.

Q: 7 What is the rational behind using projective tests of personality? How TAT and Rorschach Ink Blot test are different in terms of their structure and psychometric qualities?

Q: 8 Write short notes on any FOUR of the following:
(a) Causes of illusions
(b) Defense mechanisms
(c) Latent Learning
(d) Interference theory of learning
(e) Affiliation motive
(f) Agents of socialization
---------------------------------
---------------------------------


PAPER II OBJECTIVES



1: A strategy used by the ego to defend itself against the anxiety provoked by the conflict of everyday life refers to:
a) Defense mechanism
b) Displacement
c) Rationalization
d) Ego-ideal
e) None of these

2: Development is about to:
a) Age
b) Gender
c) Change
d) Genes
e) None of these

3: The self-image formed during adolescence that integrates and individual's ideas of what he or she is and want to be refers to:
a) Ego-ideal
b) Ego-identity
c) Crisis
d) Ego
e) None of these

4: The theory of how people explain other's behaviour by attributing it either to internal disposition or to external situation refers to:
a) Attribution theory
b) Dispositional theory
c) Situational theory
d) Attributing causality
e) None of these

5: The behavioural approach is to reward and punishment as the cognitive approach is to:
a) Biological processes
b) The humanistic struggle for self fulfilment
c) individual genetic make up
d) Internal processes of the mind or mental events
e) None of these

6: Which of the following perspectives of psychology is most concerned with the individuals reaching their maximum potential?
a) Behavioural
b) Cognitive
c) Humanistic
d) Psychoanalysis
e) None of these

7: Jobs can by redesigned to make the work more interesting, challanging and to increase responsibility and opportunities for achievement:
a) Job Satisfaction
b) Job specification
c) Job enrichment
d) Job description
e) None of these

8: The basic difference between obsession and compulsion is:
a) The former involves preoccupation with certain throughts while the later involves preoccupation of certain actions
b) THe former is a mood disorder whereas the later is an anxiety disorder.
c) The former is diagnosed along with the Axis III of DSM-IV whereas the later is diagnosed along with Axis II of DSM-IV
d) Actually, there is no difference between the two disorders.
e) None of the above

9: The process by which egg is ripened and released is :
a) Mitosis
b) Fertilization
c) Ovulation
d) Implantation
e) None of these

10: The process by which we learn not to respond to similar stimuli in identical manner is :
a) Generalization
b) Extinction
c) Discrimination
d) All of these
e) None of these

11: Which method of gathering information about the brain indicates overall activity of the brain?
a) Positron Emission Tomography
b) Electroencephalogram
c) Electrical stimulation
d) Studying damage to the brain
e) None of these

12: The phsiological and psychological response to stress referred as:
a) Transition
b) Stressors
c) Strain
d) Hypertension
e) None of these

13: The behavioural technique for reducing anxiety in which patents paratice relaxation while visualising provoking situations of increasing intensity refers:
a) Symptom substitution
b) Time-out
c) Systematic Desensitization
d) Token economy
e) None of these

14: The ability to acquire information from the culture such as vocabulary and the kind of info learned in the schools is an example of :
a) Fluid intelligence
b) Componential intelligence
c) Crystallised intelligence
d) Contextual intelligence
e) None of these

15: Critics of Freudian psychoanalysis maintain that this form of threrapy:
a: does not put enough emphasis on sex
b) can be harmful by tolerating
c) is good mostly for treating phobias
d) is too quick to be effective
e) None of these

16: When Maya first saw violent movie, she was scared and disgusted. But now she has seen several such movies, she is barely affected by them. Maya has expericenced:
a) Habituation
b) Displacement
c) Cultivation
d) Catharsis
e) None of these

17: A person's IQ initially represented the ration of a persons'------------ age divided by his or her..................... age.
a) Chronological, mental
b) Mental, chronological
c) Real, Intentional
d) Chronological , neurological
e) None of these

18: Which of the following is true regarding the relative influence of genes and the environment of behaviour?
a) Environment is the primary influence throughout life
b) Genes are the primary influence before birth, and environment is the primary influence following birth.
c) Genes are primary infuence on the development of phsycal structures and environment factors are a great influence on the development of behavioural capacities.
d) In no sense can either genes or environment are dormant unit the approach of puberty.
e) None of these

19: Why do similarities in the IQ of raised-together siblings tend to disappear as the children grow older?
a) Sibling learn to over-compensate for deficiencies in each other's abilities
b) The genes that differentiate intellectual abilities are dormant until the appraoch of puberty
c) As children mature and become increasingly autonomous, they each tend to create a unique environment
d) ALL of these
e) None of these

20: The release of emotions is called :
a) Behaviour change
b) Insight
c) Mastery
d) Catharsis
e) None of these

PART-II
Q: 2 Give your valuable comments on the importance of Developmental Psychology.
Q:3 What do you know about various methods of studying infant behavior? Discuss.
Q: 4 Why did American Psychiatric Association adopt multi-axial system of diagnosis in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)? What are the distinguishing features of depression and generalized anxiety of virtue of which the two disorders have discrete diagnosis?
Q: 5 “Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is a form of psychotherapy and a philosophy of living created by Albert Ellis in 1950’s.” In your opinion to what extent can it be judged successful in the contemporary psychotherapies?
Q: 6 Many theories have been advanced to explain the causes of Juvenile Delinquency. To your mind how our society may come to deal preventively with this problem?
Q: 7 “The study and measurement of intelligence has been an important topic for nearly hundred years.” Discuss in length the topic. Also describe briefly the main reasons of Mental Retardation?”
Q: 8 Write short notes on any TWO of the following:
(a) Creativity
(b) Behavior Modification
(c) Job Satisfaction

-----------------------------------